Calvin Bates Condition

“Sent to Hell”: Experiences In One Southern Prison

After their capture at the Weldon Railroad, the Union prisoners were ushered towards Petersburg where they were kept in an open, wet, muddy field until the evening of the twentieth. Westwood A. Todd, an ordinance officer in Mahone's Brigade (Confederate), observed, "The prisoners passed by me as they were coming out. I thought we had captured their whole army for I had never seen so many prisoners in a battle before. Among them was a full regiment of Pennsylvania 'Bucktails,' so-called from each man wearing a buck's tail in his hat. Our men were very much pleased with buck tails, and have asked the prisoners for them.  Some of our men took the buck’s tail without saying ‘by your leave.”

The Granger Brothers of Bradford County, Pa.

THE GRANGER BROTHERS Roderick Granger of North Towanda was one of the most loyal fathers, who contributed to help put down the rebellion. He had five sons, the youngest of whom was a small...
Scene of Battle by Sketch. Library of Congress.

After the Reserves: Lead-in to Five Forks – March 28 to April 1,...

The five days of March 28 thru April 1, 1865, are complex in the history of the 190th/191st Regiments due to controversies, confusion of orders and differences in descriptions of the troop positions, fighting, etc.  The most significant controversy involved Major General Philip Sheridan, commander of Union operations on the left flank, and Major General Gouverneur K.  Warren, Fifth Corps Commander, while the confusion in orders was between Generals Grant and Meade sent to General Warren for operations and for dispatching Fifth Corps troops to General Sheridan.  Because of this confusion and controversy, Gen. Sheridan relieved Gen.  Warren of command during the Battle of Five Forks.  A court of inquiry was finally granted to Warren in 1879 by President Hayes which exonerated him of most of Sheridan's charges.  Unfortunately for Warren, the findings were not released until after his death which occurred on August 8, 1882.
"Grant's Movement South of the James-Battle of Poplar Spring Church-Gallant Charge of a Part of the Fifth Corps on the Confederate Fort, September 30th, 1864." From Frank Leslie's Scenes and Portraits of the Civil War

After the Reserves: In the Trenches Again with a Few Exceptions (September 23,...

While the Army of the Potomac prepared for a fall campaign, a letter home from Pvt. Nelson Robbins (12th Pa. Res., Co. C, 190th Pa., Co. E) described conditions around the camp of the 190th & 191st Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers. "Here I am in this land of desolation and ruin - for what else can I call it? There are neither houses nor trees to be seen for miles around - nothing but forts, rifle pits and the camps. Drills, reviews, and parades are frequent now that the army is resting…”

Joseph Blain, Jr., Co. F, 1st Pennsylvania Reserves

John Blain, Jr., military instructor and chief of Bureau of Identification, Pennsylvania Industrial Reformatory, Huntingdon, Pa., was born in North Sydney, Australia, February 23, 1845. He is a son of John and Isabella (Young)...
Lithograph of the Battle of Weldon Railroad, August 18-19, 1864.

After the Reserves: Disaster at the Weldon Railroad (August 18-21, 1864)

As part of Grant's Fourth Offensive, about 5 a.m., General Warren led his V Corps south on the Jerusalem Plank Road from their camp near the Chieves House Gust south of Ft. Warren). Their objective was the Weldon Railroad, one of the last two railroad supply lines for General Lee's army and the citizens of Petersburg and Richmond.
Major-General Samuel W. Crawford and Staff; Library of Congress

After the Reserves: Into the Trenches

Introduction Except for a few pages in Samuel Bates' History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, there is no published regimental history for these two units.' As a follower of the Pennsylvania Reserves, I felt this omission...
Headstone of Henry Clay Weight, 12th Reserves and 190th Pennsylvania.

Henry Clay Weight, Co. I, 12th Pennsylvania Reserves

Henry C Weight, Civil War veteran, died at his home in Three Springs, Pa., December 1, 1926, aged 82 years, 8 months and 18 days.  He was born at Warriorsmark, Pa. and learned the...
Artist Louis Guillaume's rendering of the Surrender of Lee's Army to Grant.

When Legend Becomes Fact

In the John Wayne classic movie, "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance," a reporter makes the comment "When the legend becomes fact, print the legend." This is probably true many times in history, and...
Sketch of Emmitsburg, Maryland by Alfred Waud. From the Library of Congress.

Rumors: Mustering Out of the Pennsylvania Reserves

The date for muster out was finally settled for the Reserves. However, as the muster out date approached, rumors of their lack of reenlistment spread through the Army of the Potomac causing a suspicion...
The Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps Historical Society was organized in 2004 by August Marchetti and Justin Sanders.

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